Science
157 Physical Science 9
Grade 9 
One semester
Required 
1 credit

Prerequisites: None
The physical sciences include chemistry and physics, which are covered at an introductory level in this course. Activities include studying and observing chemical reactions, conducting motion and chemical experiments and exploring energy relationships.


158 Biology 
Grades 10-12 
One semester
Required 
1 credit

Prerequisite: Physical Science 9
In this course key concepts and unifying themes work together to help students develop a coherent view of life. The course is divided into eight units: Unit one, The Scientific Process; Unit two, The Chemistry of Life; Unit three, The cell which builds on the correlation between structure and function; Unit four, Tracing the history of genetics from Mendel to DNA; Unit five, Mechanisms of evolution and biodiversity; Unit six, Plant form and function; Unit seven, Animal form and function; and Unit eight, Ecology.


159 Ecology
Grades 10-12 
One semester
Elective 
1 credit

Prerequisite: Physical Science and Biology
This class will explore the ecology of Minnesota’s wildlife. The class will take an extensive look at the mammals, fish, birds, invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles and plants of Minnesota. Many controversial issues relating to Minnesota’s natural resources will be discussed. Students will learn about Minnesota’s ecosystems. Students will participate in a water quality study of the Minnesota River, and learn basic hydrology.


160 General Chemistry 
Grades 10-12 
One semester
Elective 
1 credit

Prerequisites: Integrated Math I; Physical Science 9
This course presents the study of chemistry through discussion, lecture, and experimentation. Topics include: Matter and Energy, Reaction Ratios, Atomic Structure and Bonding, Formulas and Equations, Solutions, Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis, and an Introduction to Organic Chemistry. A large portion of chemistry involves mathematical problem-solving so it is recommended that the student has a good background in algebra.


161 Advanced Chemistry
Grades 11-12 
One semester
Elective 
1 credit

Prerequisites: General Chemistry (B or better); Integrated Math I, II, & III or Adv. Geom., Adv Alg. II
This course builds on skills learned during general chemistry, going on with studies in equilibrium, thermo chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, introduction to organic chemistry, and other topics. Students need a strong background in general chemistry and in math. Students planning to enter a field in the sciences, medicine, or engineering are STRONGLY encouraged to enroll in Advanced Chemistry.


70 MSU Biology 105
Grade 12 
One semester
Elective 
1 credit
MSU 4 credits

Prerequisites: General Chemistry
This course is an introduction to the unifying principles of the cell, its structure and intracellular functions, and to the diversity of cells from prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. The course revolves around lectures and problem solving based upon what you learned in lecture, discussion group and laboratory sessions. The course can be divided into four broad parts: Metabolism, Cell Biology, Mendelian Genetics, and Organ Systems. This course has three components: lectures, laboratories and discussion sections. Students receive four college credits from the Minnesota State University Mankato and LSH credit for successfully completing the course.
Student must be in top 1/2 of the class.


163 Physics
Grades 11-12 
One semester
Elective 
1 credit

Prerequisites: Adv. Geometry; Adv. Algebra II or Integrated Math I, II, III
This course is a study of basic laws of physics which will enable students to better relate the fundamentals of physics to the world around them. Course material is structured in three general areas: (1) the study of motion and causes of motion; (2) optics, waves, and light; and (3) atomic energy. Problem solving involving the mathematical laws of physics is emphasized the first quarter in the study of motion, gravitational forces, momentum, kinetic energy, potential energy and related topics. Some work is done in developing and testing hypotheses related to these laws. In the second quarter the emphasis is on experimentation where topics on light, wave motion, atomic matter, and other related topics are discussed and explored. Some of the theory of Einstein is examined and compared with Newton’s theories of gravitation.